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Currently filtering by tag: Endocarditis

Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis, arkana laboratories, renal pathology teaching points
The patient is a 45-year-old IV drug user who presents with fevers, chills, hematuria, and fatigue. On laboratory testing, he was found to have a creatinine of 4.8. Complement levels are depressed and blood cultures are positive. A transesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the presence of endocarditis. A kidney biopsy was obtained due to hematuria. Image 1 and Image 3 shows circumferential cellular crescents with fibrinoid necrosis (many intracapillary neutrophils are seen in image 3). Figure 2 shows severe interstitial fibrosis. Images 4 and 5 show immunofluorescence staining with IgM and C3, respectively. This is a case of endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis with diffuse...

Disease Week: Bacterial infection-associated glomerulonephritis and endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis

Monday Renal disease related to infective endocarditis was first reported over 100 years ago. However, the initial literature describing nephritis associated with infective endocarditis relied primarily on autopsy-based studies from the pre- and early post-antibiotic era.  Reviews from recent decades note the evolution in renal complications of infectious diseases. Demographics have changed from younger to older patients. The frequency of comorbidities including diabetes has increased.  Recent decades have seen a change in the infectious agents that cause renal disease, from primarily Streptococcal to a broader array of organisms compared to the past, with predominance of Staphylococci. The historical division into...

Diagnose This (June 24, 2019)

ANCA-mediated glomerulonephritis, arkana laboratories, renal pathology, kidney biopsy
Immunofluorescence shows C3 (2-3+), IgM (1+), kappa (trace) and lambda (trace). What is your diagnosis?       ​ ​   ​   ​ ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​...

Renal Arterial Thromboemboli

Arterial Thromboemboli
Infective endocarditis can have numerous deleterious effects on the kidney.  One such renal complication is the formation of arterial thromboemboli.  The renal biopsy images, in this case, are from a 74-year-old man with an artificial heart valve who was being evaluated for acute renal failure.  Figure 1 shows an arterial cross section whose elastic laminae are highlighted using a Jones silver stain (see arrow).  The artery is distended by intraluminal fibrin and neutrophilic debris, consistent with aseptic thromboembolism.  Figure 2 shows the morphologic features of a renal cortical infarct, which was identified in the adjacent cortex.  A second complication of...

Twitter Poll (July 18, 2018)

ANCA Antibodies
ANSWER: D In a case series by Boils et al. which included 49 patients with GN due to IE, 28% of them had positive ANCA antibodies. Of note, in this study it was described that only 29 out of 49 patients had serology drawn for ANCA, 21 were negative (72%) and 8 (28%) were positive. Reference: Boils CL, et al. Update on endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis. Kidney Int 2015; 87(6): 1241-1249.

Infective Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

focal and segmental necrotizing and crescentic lesions, Infective Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis
This renal biopsy was taken from a 35 year old male with history of intravenous drug abuse and MRSA tricuspid valve endocarditis, who developed acute kidney injury (Cr 4.7 mg/dl) and hematuria.  The biopsy shows focal and segmental necrotizing and crescentic lesions involving approximately 10% of the available glomeruli (Fig 1 and 2). Additionally, there is severe acute tubular injury with numerous red blood cell casts (Fig 3). Immunofluorescence (not shown) reveals weak immune complex deposition within the spectrum of pauci-immune disease (IgA= 1+; IgM= trace; C3= 1+; Kappa= trace; lambda= 1+), and no definitive deposits were evident by electron...

Endocarditis

endocarditis in renal biopsy
Crescentic glomerulonephritis is most commonly an autoimmune-related glomerulonephritis (e.g. ANCA, anti-GBM disease, lupus nephritis). However, a recent case series (reference below) found that more than 50% of cases of endocarditis associated glomerulonephritis show a crescentic pattern of glomerulonephritis without endocapillary proliferation. Further, 28% of the patients with endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis had positive serologic studies for ANCA. Therefore, it is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for infective endocarditis associated glomerulonephritis considering the potential adverse outcome if a patient with endocarditis was mistakenly treated for ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis with cytotoxic agents in lieu of antibiotics. Reference: Boils CL, Nasr SH, Walker...