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Currently filtering by tag: Necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis

Diagnose This (June 24, 2019)

Immunofluorescence shows C3 (2-3+), IgM (1+), kappa (trace) and lambda (trace). What is your diagnosis?       ​ ​   ​   ​ ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​...

Art of Medicine: ANCA-Associated Glomerulonephritis

The painting above shows a crescentic glomerulonephritis and necrotizing arteritis.  A mixed interstitial inflammatory infiltrate is shown in the top left corner, and tubules are dilated with a few red blood cell casts.  This cluster of findings can occur in ANCA-associated disease.  Renal biopsy images representing manifestations of ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis are shown below.  The main differential diagnosis for crescents within glomeruli includes immune complex glomerulonephritides, anti-GBM nephritis, and ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis (pauci-immune), although nearly any glomerulonephritis with mesangial and/or endocapillary proliferation can produce crescents (examples – infection-associated glomerulonephritis, fibrillary glomerulonephritis, and others).  Correlation with ANCA serologies is recommended in any case...

Digging Deeper, or How We Never Quit

We received the biopsy from a 25-year-old female who presented for evaluation of nephrotic range proteinuria.  Lab evaluation reveals a creatinine of 0.55 and 24-hour urine protein is 3.6 g.  Serologies were negative or normal for ANA, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV, and complement levels.  There was no history of hypertension or diabetes. A biopsy was performed to evaluate the source of proteinuria. Two cores of renal tissue were sampled on light microscopy evaluation.  They consisted mostly of medulla, and only two glomeruli were seen in multiple sections. The glomeruli have capillary loops with attenuated contours. The capillary loops appeared...