This 50-year-old patient’s muscle biopsy showed morphologic changes of polymyositis. Their past medical history is significant for rheumatoid arthritis.
What are the spherical structures seen in Figures #1 and #2?
B. Psammoma bodies
C. Talc granules
D. Russell bodies
Answer: Russell bodies
The grape-like clusters of spherical inclusions represent accumulation of immunoglobulin (Ig) within the endoplasmic reticulum of plasma cells. These structures are called “Russell bodies”. Plasma cells containing Russell bodies are known as “Mott cells.” Russell bodies and Mott cells may be seen in autoimmune disease, infection, and neoplastic plasma cell proliferations.
Iwamoto T, Witmer R. Light and electron microscopy on plasma cells and Russell bodies in the iris of a chronic uveitis patient. Invest Ophthalmol. 1969 Dec;8(6):563-82. PMID: 5359574.
Mossuto MF, Ami D, Anelli T, Fagioli C, Doglia SM, Sitia R. Biochemical nature of Russell Bodies. Sci Rep. 2015 Jul 30;5:12585. doi: 10.1038/srep12585. PMID: 26223695; PMCID: PMC4649990.
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