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Currently filtering by tag: Glomerulonephritis

Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis

Endocarditis-Associated Glomerulonephritis, arkana laboratories, renal pathology teaching points
The patient is a 45-year-old IV drug user who presents with fevers, chills, hematuria, and fatigue. On laboratory testing, he was found to have a creatinine of 4.8. Complement levels are depressed and blood cultures are positive. A transesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the presence of endocarditis. A kidney biopsy was obtained due to hematuria. Image 1 and Image 3 shows circumferential cellular crescents with fibrinoid necrosis (many intracapillary neutrophils are seen in image 3). Figure 2 shows severe interstitial fibrosis. Images 4 and 5 show immunofluorescence staining with IgM and C3, respectively. This is a case of endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis with diffuse...

Twitter Poll (September 12, 2019)

crescentic GN, Glomerulonephritis, Twitter Poll, Arkana Laboratories
ANSWER: B In a case series by Boils et al. which included 49 patients with GN due to IE, the most common biopsy finding was necrotizing and crescentic GN which was found in 53% of the cases. This was followed by endocapillary proliferative GN in 37% of the biopsies. Reference: Boils CL, et al. Update on endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis. Kidney Int. 2015; 87(6):1241-1249.  

Cryoglobulinemic Glomerulonephritis

Acute kidney injury, chryoglobulinemia, glomerulonephritis, hyaline thrombi, masked deposits, paraffin immunofluorescence, Cryoglobulinemic Glomerulonephritis
The patient is a 60-year-old male who presents with proteinuria, hematuria, and a creatinine of 2.8 mg/dL. He was in his normal state of health until 2 weeks ago when he noticed he was having trouble putting on his shoes. Serologies show low complements and an albumin of 2.3 g/dL. Serologies for ANA, c-ANCA, p-ANCA, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C are negative. No monoclonal spike is found on serum electrophoresis. Figure 1 shows accentuation of lobulation with both mesangial and endocapillary hypercellularity. This is a membranoproliferative pattern. Figure 2 shows a small, hyaline thrombus. Figure 3 shows moderate interstitial fibrosis....

Digging Deeper – Here, There, and Everywhere

AL amyloidosis, ANCA, digging deeper, Dr. Messias, Arkana Laboratories, pathology diseases
This biopsy came from an elderly gentleman in his 80s, who presented with acute renal failure.  His serum creatinine had increased from a baseline of 1.3 mg/dL up to 6.6 mg/dL.  And in addition to that, urinalysis was positive for proteinuria and blood.  His medical history included pulmonary embolism, BPH, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and GERD.  Multiple serologies were ordered upon presentation, and among these, pANCA and MPO were markedly positive.  A biopsy was performed to investigate the possibility of an ANCA-mediated crescentic glomerulonephritis. Unfortunately, the material obtained for biopsy was small in size, and the longest core, submitted to light microscopy,...

Diagnose This (December 10, 2018)

IgA, IgA Dominant Infection-Associated Glomerulonephritis, renal pathology, arkana laboratories, pathology of the kidney
What is your diagnosis?           ​ ​   ​   ​ ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​     ​   ​  ...

Twitter Poll (July 18, 2018)

ANSWER: D In a case series by Boils et al. which included 49 patients with GN due to IE, 28% of them had positive ANCA antibodies. Of note, in this study it was described that only 29 out of 49 patients had serology drawn for ANCA, 21 were negative (72%) and 8 (28%) were positive. Reference: Boils CL, et al. Update on endocarditis-associated glomerulonephritis. Kidney Int 2015; 87(6): 1241-1249.