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Art of Medicine: Plasma Cell Rich Interstitial Nephritis

Plasma Cell Rich Interstitial Nephritis
The above painting shows plasma cell rich interstitial inflammation with lymphocytic and plasma cell tubulitis, findings that can be seen in plasma cell rich interstitial nephritis.  Acute interstitial nephritis can have an inflammatory infiltrate with lymphocytes, plasma cells, eosinophils, neutrophils, and/or histiocytes.  Greater than 10 percent plasma cells would be considered “plasma cell rich”.  An H & E stained section of a plasma cell rich infiltrate is shown below. The differential diagnosis for a plasma cell rich interstitial nephritis in native kidney biopsies includes drug reactions, Sjögren's syndrome, chronic pyelonephritis, and IgG4-related kidney disease.  IgG4-related kidney disease is characterized by...

Diagnose This (September 10, 2018)

What is your diagnosis?    ​   ​ ​   ​   ​ ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​     ​   ​   ​ ​...

IgG4-Related Tubulointerstitial Nephritis

IgG4-related disease is a systemic inflammatory and sclerosing disorder which may affect a wide range of different organs including the pancreas, salivary glands, lacrimal glands, lungs, blood vessels, lymph nodes, thyroid and kidneys among others. Patients may have multisystemic disease at the time of presentation, or different organs may progressively become involved over time. While the renal involvement may have different histopathologic patterns of injury, by far the most common is in the form of acute or chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis (IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis). The renal biopsy shown (Fig 1-4) is from a 35-year-old male with a history of lymphadenopathy and...

Diagnose This! (September 18, 2017)

What is your diagnosis?     ​   ​ ​   ​   ​ ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​   ​ ​     ​   ​   ​...

IgG4

Renal parenchyma with florid interstitial fibrosis with thick bands of sclerosis expanding the interstitium and pushing the tubules apart on the Jones methenamine silver stain at (100X). Examination at 400X on the H&E stain reveals a dense mixed interstitial inflammatory infiltrate that is rich in plasma cells. These findings are characteristic of renal involvement by a systemic fibroinflammatory disease known as IgG4-related disease. IgG4 staining of the tissue confirmed the presence of numerous IgG4-positive plasma cells.