Bleeding is the most common and clinically relevant complication after a kidney biopsy. Studies from 1970s and 1980s have shown radiologic (CT) evidence of bleeding in 57%-91% of patients, depending on the use of older scanners, biopsy techniques, and needles.
- Hogan JJ, Mocanu M and Berns JS. The Native Kidney Biopsy: Update and Evidence for Best Practice. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 11: 354-362, 2016.
- Ralls PW, Barakos JA, Kaptein EM, Friedman PE, et al. Renal biopsy-related hemorrhage: Frequency and comparison of CT and sonography. J Comput Assist tomog 11: 1031-1034, 1987.
- Alter AJ, Zimmerman S, Kirachaiwanich C. Computerized tomographic assessment of retroperitoneal hemorrhage after percutaneous renal biopsy. Arch Intern Med 140: 1323-1326, 1980.
- Rosenbaum R, Hoffsten PE, Stanely RJ, Klahr S. Use of computerized tomography to diagnose complications of percutaneous renal biopsy. Kidney Int 14: 87-92, 1978.
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