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April 19, 2018

CIN Due To PPI

Chronic interstitial nephritis (CIN) is diagnosed when interstitial inflammation is present in areas of fibrosis (A) in combination with the presence of tubulitis (B). The most common etiologies include autoimmune disease (e.g. Sjögren’s, TINU, IgG4-related disease) and longstanding drug-induced hypersensitivity reaction. The case shown here is from a patient with CIN secondary to treatment with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). The risk of CKD from PPI therapy is well known. Kidney biopsies from patients with renal function decline resulting from PPI therapy most commonly show a CIN pattern of injury. This is one of the most common medication-induced etiologies of CIN today.