©2016 All Rights Reserved.
Arkana Laboratories is a registered trademark.
Privacy and Terms
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease which affects over 5 million people worldwide, and manifests as tissue damage within multiple organ systems. It has a complex etiology, involving a combination of multiple genetic and environmental factors. Women are disproportionately affected, with a 9:1 female-to-male ratio. The diagnostic criteria are determined by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the European League against Rheumatism (EULAR). In the 1997 revision of the 1982 ACR diagnostic criteria for diagnosis of SLE, 4 of 11 disease manifestations are required (Hochberg, 1997). These are shown below: Notice that “renal disorder” is one...